5 Interesting Facts About Eritrea


Eritrea is a member of the UN, African Union and an observer at the Arab League together with India, Venezuela, and Brazil. 

Below are Some things you didn’t know about Eritrea that will shock you:


  • No Elections

Eritrea is a single party state run by the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). No other political groups are legally allowed to organize. The PFDJ’s most recent party congress was held in 2002, and its members have not met since. Local elections have continued in Eritrea.

Eritrea is a one party state which gained its independence in 1993. Eritrea has never held regional or local elections since 2004 and national and presidential elections since 1993. Eritrea has had only one president since 1993. President Afwerki Isaias has always expressed his disdain for western-style democracy. The president stated in an interview with Al Jazeera in 2008 that his country will wait for about 4 decades before holding an election. The 75 representatives to the national assembly were elected in 1993 while the rest were appointed.


  • Ancient Kingdom

The Kingdom of Aksum  known as the Kingdom of Axum or the Aksumite Empire, was an ancient Ethiopian kingdom that spanned what are now Eritrea northern Ethiopia , much of eastern Sudan and southern/eastern Yemen at its peak. It was centralized in Northern Ethiopia, with its capital in the city of Aksum(Axum).Aksumite rulers styled themselves as king of kings, king of Aksum, Himyar, Raydan, Saba, Salhen, Hamasein, Sarawi, Tsiyamo, Beja, Barya, Hassa and of Kush. Ruled by the Aksumites, it existed from approximately 80 BC to AD 825. The polity was centered in the city of Aksum and grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period around the 4th century BC to achieve prominence by the 1st century AD. Aksum became a major player on the commercial route between the Roman empire and Ancient india. 

The kingdom of Axum was an ancient kingdom that was centered in the present-day Tigray Region, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. The kingdom existed between 100AD and 940AD, and its polity was centered in Axum city. Aksum was the leading player in the trade route between Ancient India and the Roman Empire. Aksum is believed to be the home of the Queen-of-Sheba and the resting place of the Ark-of-the-Covenant.


  • Ties To The Red Sea

The country’s name is based on the Red Sea’s Greek name, and it was first adopted in 1890 when the Italian Eritrea was established. The country’s name is associated with the region’s past name Erythrais which relates to the Red Sea’s ancient Greek name Erythraean Sea. The name persisted during the subsequent Ethiopian and British occupation. The name Eritrea was reaffirmed by the country’s independence referendum of 1993.


  • Oldest Hominids

A million years old skull with traits associated with both the Homo Sapien and Homo erectus was found in the Afar region in Eritrea. The skull provides a connection between the earliest anatomically modern human beings and the hominids. Before this discovery, the oldest fossil with modern human traits was the 600,000years old, which was excavated in Bodo Ethiopia. The skull was discovered by Ernesto Abbate and an international group of Paleoanthropologists. The almost complete skull, with 2incisors and 2pelvic fragments, were recovered from the ancient river and lake sediments deposited in the volcanic Northern Danakil formation.


  • No Official Language

Eritrea became an independent nation in 1993. … At one point Amharic, the language of the political elite, was made the official language; Tigrinya, the most- spoken language of Eritrea, was banned and Tigrinya books were burned.

populations arrived in the region during the Neolithic period from the family’s proposed urheimat their original homeland in the nile valley , or the near East. Other scholars propose that the Afro Asiatic family developed in situ in the Horn , with its speakers subsequently dispersing from there.

Eritrea’s population now comprises nine ethnic groups , most of whom speak languages from the Semitic and Cushitic  branches of the Afro-Asiatic family.

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