5 Interesting Facts About Liberia
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Liberia has a population of around 5 million and covers an area of 111,369 square kilometers . English is the official language, but over 20 indigenous languages are spoken , reflecting the country’s ethnic and cultural diversity. The country’s capital and largest city is Monrovia .
Below are some things you didn’t know about Liberia
The country has undeveloped Tourist sites
Few visitors tours Liberia that neither the World Bank, nor the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), have figures for foreign arrivals. Those who do make it are faced with a rather creaking infrastructure. Power shortage are common, facilities at tourist attractions rudimentary, the only proper hotels (in the Western sense) are clustered in Monrovia, and roads often little more than dirt tracks.
Liberia began in the early 19th century as a settlement of the American colonization society (ACS), which believed black people would face better chances for freedom and prosperity in Africa than in the United states. Between 1822 and the outbreak of the American civil war in 1861, more than 15,000 freed and free born people of color who faced social and legal oppression in the U.S., along with 3,198 Afro Caribbean’s , relocated to Liberia.
Gradually developing an identity, the settlers carried their culture and tradition with them; the Liberian constitution and flag were modeled after those of the U.S., while its capital was named after ACS supporter and U.S. President James Monroe. Liberia declared independence on July 26, 1847, which the U.S. did not recognize until February 5, 1862. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Robert, a wealthy, free-born African American from Virginia who settled in Liberia, was elected Liberia’s first president after the people proclaimed independence.
Liberia is blessed with a beautiful national park
One contender for Unesco is to look at mighty Sapo National Park. It is the country’s largest protected reserve and home to 125 types of mammal and 590 types of bird. Among them are a number of threatened species, such as the pygmy hippopotamus and the African golden cat. You’ll also find African forest elephants, crocodiles, leopards, seven species of monkey and three species of pangolin, one of the weirdest looking animals you’re likely to see.
In 1976, the Liberian Forestry Development Authority was created to manage and preserve the country’s forest resources. A year later, in 1977, the Division of Wildlife and National Parks was formed under the leadership of Alexander Peal, who served as its head until 1990.
By 1982, seven protected areas has been proposed in Liberia, including three national parks. Of these, only Sapo National Park named after the local Sapo (or Sao) tribe was formally designated, in 1983, by the people’s redemption council.
At the time, and for twenty years, it covered an area of 1,308 km2 (505 sq mi) east of the Sinoe river and south of the Putu mountains. The park’s original boundaries were set and its management plan drafted by the Division of Wildlife and National Parks, in cooperation with the world wildlife fund , the world conservation union, and the Peace corps.
Throughout its history, Sapo National Park has been threatened by illegal farming, hunting, logging, and mining, “all exacerbated by the country’s grinding poverty and social and political instability. However, in the early 1990s, the world conservation monitoring centre reported that rural development projects around the park and general acceptance of its existence have helped to minimize potential conflicts.
Until the 1990s, poaching was limited due to various initiatives, funded by the United states urgency for international development , that made local villagers stakeholders to the park’s preservation
The world’s biggest cruise ships are registered there
The cruise industry is regularly accused of flying a “flag of convenience” by registering their ships in countries where employment laws are less stringent. All but one of NCL’s ships are registered in the Bahamas; Carnival and MSC register theirs in Panama; Oceania Cruises in the Marshall Islands, and P&O Cruises in Bermuda. And Royal Caribbean International, which possesses the three largest cruise ships on the planet, is incorporated in Liberia, along with 12 per cent of the world’s entire maritime fleet.
The average resident in the country is under 18 years
Liberia is 171 years old today, but it is also one of the world’s youngest country . According to the CIA World Factbook, the average age of its citizens is 17.9 years. By way of comparison, a typical resident of Monaco, the world’s most elderly country, is 51.1.
The country was created for freed slaves
The American Colonization Society founded Liberia in 1821 as a place for free African Americans to migrate to. More than 10,000 made the journey across the Atlantic, aided by the society, until Liberia declared independence in 1847. Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a freed slave from Virginia, became the first president.