Mauritius is one of the most beautiful places in Africa, as it stands out among other islands in the world. It is popularly known as one of the best tourist destinations, which is partly possible due to the constant, nationwide peace it has so commendably kept.
Located a little over 1,130 kilometers east of Madagascar, Mauritius is a volcanic island off the southern coast of Africa.
Fun Fact! Mauritius is one of the only places in Africa that sometimes, the amount of tourists visiting the island per year surpasses the number of residents on the island.
In addition to the islands of Rodrigues, Agalega, and St. Brandon, the Republic of Mauritius includes two other contested areas.
A dormant volcanic ring, streams, waterfalls, and rivers encircle the island of Mauritius in all directions.
As an autonomous island, Mauritius is considered part of Africa despite its location between the continents of Africa and Asia. Mauritian indigenous people are mostly descended from Indians, Africans, and Europeans, with a small percentage of Chinese.
A considerable minority of Mauritians are descended from Indians, as well as from Africans, Chinese, and Europeans in large numbers, according to census data.
During the past decade, there have been none or very few incidents of insecurity occurring in the country. Although Mauritius is an island consisting of diversity in various fields such as ethnicity, religion, language, and culture, there have been minimal to no altercations compared to other locations with similar circumstances.
After examining Mauritius’s political, economic, and sociological sectors, we discovered points that could be the reason Mauritius has successfully maintained its national peace and stability throughout the decades.
Here are the top reasons:
List of the top 5 reasons Mauritius is the most peaceful country in Africa
1. Unaffected by the Wars and International conflicts
Like most African countries, Mauritius was not directly affected or involved in both of the world wars that occurred in the 1900s (1914 and 1939). Though at both events, thousands of Mauritians volunteered or got drafted to fight for Great Britain against other countries.
In retrospect, the international conflicts that occurred from 1914 to 1918 were a period of great prosperity for the civilization, due to a boom in sugar prices. As the years moved on, the island maintained national peace, even though this become threatened by irregular occurrence of demonstrated dissatisfaction. This dismay was mostly caused by impartiality, discontent, racism, tribalism, brutality and was mostly fixed as quickly as they arise.
Another commendable trait associated with the island is their peaceful transition of political power in various government bodies. Failure of this has been one of the leading causes of national conflicts, civil wars, and violent coup d’état, as seen in order African countries.
Only four nations in the world, including Mauritius, were not involved in any hostilities with other countries in 2017, including its distant neighbors.
Having no physical boundary with other countries, this feature stops disputes from spilling over into the country from a foreign land. Due to the geographical seclusion amid the Indian Ocean, the island hasn’t been affected by waves of refugees escaping violence from other countries, who tend to bring their conflicts with them to their new homes.
Mauritius’ calm climate allows it to survive without needing to create a permanent army. All the public security forces together sum to fewer than 50 thousand, which is by much less than that of a lot of other countries.
2. A High rate of Literacy
Though a small country with a small population, Mauritius has a significantly high rate of literacy, consisting of more than 90% of the entire population.
It is ranked 74th in the world in terms of the education system, 40th in terms of staff training, and 47th in terms of quality of vocational training. For all children under the age of 16, schooling is mandatory in the entire country.
Pre-primary to university education is provided free of charge by the government of Mauritius to its people. For the first time since July 2005, the government also made public transportation free for all students in the country (Public Transport is free for students, people with disabilities, and senior citizens). Mauritian students routinely rank at the top of the globe for the Cambridge International O Level and International A and AS level examinations.
While it might still be debatable in a broader sense due to the complexity and countless variables involved, the relationship between education and conflict has attracted increasing interest from both educational and conflict researchers over the years. Thesis obtained from a study conducted shows in a broader sense that countries that prioritize education or have a high rate of educated citizens are less likely to be engulfed in the national conflict. Mauritius is among the top 3 most educated countries in Africa, and the top 100 in the world.
Results obtained from the hidden crisis Armed conflict and education show that “conflicts are less likely to occur in countries and regions where there is a commitment to providing increased education. This conclusion takes account of differences in income levels and systems of government. That is, countries that are otherwise equal are more likely to be peaceful if their inhabitants have spent several years at school.”
Education is also an important social and political issue, and it has a direct impact on economic growth, peace, security, and stability Educational gains are long-lasting, as the children who acquire them will pass them on to the following generation of children.
“Paper commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2011, the hidden crisis: Armed conflict and education”
Learn amazing Facts Here
3. Having Clear Economic Priorities
A countries priorities are often a mirror of its economical stance in the future, and Mauritius is one of the top countries with this in mind.
As a result of its strategic location between Asia and Africa, ease of doing business, investment protection treaties, non-double taxation treaties, highly qualified and bilingual workforce, political stability, low crime rate, modern infrastructure, and connectivity, the country has stamped its position as a preferred top spot for investment in the ever-competitive global economic market.
Following the independence of the island from Great Britain in 1968, Mauritius’ economy has evolved from a low-income agricultural economy to one that relies heavily on tourism as well as textiles, sugar, and financial services to generate high incomes. A “Mauritian Miracle” and “Africa’s Success” have been used to describe the country after independence.
The island knows the advantages it possesses and intends to fully utilize it for the betterment of its people. A major hindrance that can halt the development of these assets and resources in conflict, which will present the devastating effect of establishing foreign agreements on investments and beneficial relations.
Typical examples of this are seen in other conflict-ridden African countries, toppled with underdevelopment, insecurity, and high poverty rate despite being rich in valued resources. Knowing the cost, the country leaders are doing whatever they can to ensure that national peace is always an utmost priority.
When it comes to economic competitiveness, attractive investment climate, good governance, and a free-market economy, Mauritius is a top contender. Boasting 29.187 billion dollars in the gross domestic product (PPP) in 2018, and the GDP (PPP) per capita was $22,909, making it the second-highest in Africa. For ease of doing business, Mauritius ranks 13th worldwide out of 190 economies in the World Bank’s 2019 Index.
Economic success and the subsequent reduction in inequality helped to prevent conflicts between groups of people. Another significant aspect is social mobility. A meritocratic education system in Mauritius still allows someone from a disadvantaged background to ascend the social ladder, later becoming a productive member of society.
4. Continuous development of the tourism & financial sector
The island’s tourism and international financial services are among the best on the continent. The increase in the number of tourists leads to an increase in discovery, generating more interest for people looking for profitable investments.
There are many reasons to visit Mauritian. Tourism is Mauritius’s fourth-largest contributor to the GDP. Besides a tropical environment, the island country has beaches, tropical wildlife, and vegetation, as well as diverse and multicultural people. 1 450 000 tourists are expected to arrive in 2019, an increase of 3.6 percent above the 2018 total of 1 399 408 tourists.
The islands of Mauritius attract more than 1.36 million tourists each year, outnumbering the locals by a large margin!
Tourism, financial services, and business process outsourcing are three of the country’s most important industries. About 75% of the country’s GDP in 2019 was generated by the services sector.
Three times in the last decade, the country has won the World’s Leading Island Destination Award. Mauritius’ two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Aapravasi Ghat and Le Morne Brabant, are both must-sees.
Mauritius is widely hailed as the world’s greatest honeymoon location. Trou Aux Biches, a magnificent beach, was named the world’s greatest beach resort in 2011.
5. High accommodation and tolerance of different ethnicity, religion, and cultural beliefs
Like most countries, Mauritius is home to a variety of people with different ethnicity, religion, language, culture, and beliefs. While the advantages of diversity cannot be stressed enough, it is not without its underlying issues. Each group possesses its own cultural and religious laws, which can sometimes interfere in the democratic law of the country.
There is also the case of tribalism, in which a person of political power will favor his communities associated with him more than others. All these issues are without a presence on the island, as they have been major disruptions, riots, and civil unrest in the countries past.
Mauritius has made significant efforts in curtailing these underlying issues in its communities. One of these includes the creation of the Local religious organization, the Council of Religions. It has conducted interfaith religious rituals and festivals for many years to develop mutual understanding and strengthen the interfaith partnerships.
Discrimination based on creed is prohibited in the constitution, as is freedom of thought and religion, including the right of individuals to change, manifest, and propagate their religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice, and observance, alone or community, in private or in public, according to the constitution.
Constitution prohibits vows that are incompatible with an individual’s religious beliefs and prohibits religious teaching or religious rituals from being required in schools. If the Equal Opportunity Commission finds that a citizen’s rights have been violated, it might begin an inquiry.
Mauritius has not always been a peaceful multicultural society, as seen by ethnic riots in the 1960s and 1990s, but it is now one of the world’s most peaceful nations.
These indices take into account factors such as political instability and bribery. There is a completely democratic system in place in Mauritius, and the country ranks well for both economic progress, religious and political freedom.
Top 5 reasons why Mauritius is the Most Peaceful Country in Africa
Learn amazing Facts Here